Is there pollen from the areas of Jerusalem, Edessa and Constantinople?

Dr. Max Frei

At a conference of the prestigious Missouri Botanical Society in St Louis, Missouri, in 1999, Avinoam Danin, a leading authority on the flora of Israel as a botany professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem along with pollen specialist Uri Baruch from the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) reported that the combination of pollen spores found lodged into the Shroud’s surface, when juxtaposed with the identification  of certain plant images mysteriously “imprinted” on the face of the cloth, could only have come from plants growing in the environs Jerusalem.

Avinoam Danin

Pollen identification is a legitimate method in criminal forensics to determine where an object has been located geographically. Max Frei, a renowned Zurich criminologist, had previously identified a total of 58 different pollens on the Shroud.  According to him, these pollens are native to areas around

  • the Dead Sea and the Negev
  • the Anatolian Steppe of central and western Turkey
  • the immediate environs of Constantinople
  • Western Europe

Israel , Jordan Valley , Kibbutz Ashdot Yaacov , A domesticated  wild planted field of gundelia AKA Tumble Thistle ( Gundelia  tournefortii ) Used in the Arab cuisine as a herb and vegetable . Pollen  from this plant was found on the the Shroud of Turin . Some scholars  now believe that this plant was the source of the Thorn crown stock  photoPollen from this plant was found on the  Shroud of Turin . Some scholars now believe that this plant was the source of the Thorn crown

Danin and Baruch, at the time, seemed to be confirming Frei’s work. Said Danin:

In the light of our findings, it is highly probable that the shroud did in fact come from this part [the Jerusalem area] of the world.

Israel , Jordan Valley , Kibbutz Ashdot Yaacov , A domesticated  wild planted field of gundelia AKA Tumble Thistle ( Gundelia  tournefortii ) Used in the Arab cuisine as a herb and vegetable . Pollen  from this plant was found on the the Shroud of Turin . Some scholars  now believe that this plant was the source of the Thorn crown stock  photoPollen from this plant was found on  the Shroud of Turin

What Frei had reported was extraordinary. He identified fifty-eight different plants, many from the Middle East, areas around Jerusalem and areas in what is now Turkey that coincided nicely with Edessa and Constantinople. Those looking for confirmation of the shroud’s authenticity were ecstatic.

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